To decide an Active/Master Router, We have to enable preempt, configure priorities and Configure highest IP address on the Routers in the HSRP or VRRP group. In case of VRRP, Router which owns the IP address for the VRRP group is always becomes a Master Router.
I thought the only the difference between HSRP and VRRP in case of preempt is Preempt ON by default in VRRP. The Router which is configured with the maximum configurable priority value of 254 in VRRP, that Router would become the master Router. This is not always true. There are some of the rules influence the Master and Preempt in VRRP, Find the difference between HSRP and VRRP in case preempt and Active/Master Router.
Difference between HSRP Preempt and VRRP Preempt
a) In VRRP preempt enabled by default, In HSRP Preempt disabled by default.
b) In VRRP, In case priority is equal between Routers, Highest IP address Router will preempt but In HSRP, there are equal priority Routers then the one which is active Router remains active when the standby (former active) Router comes back.
c) The maximum VRRP and HSRP priority value is 255
d) The maximum VRRP priority value that you can manually configure on the router is 254, In HSRP is maximum configurable priority is 255.
e) Only one router can have a VRRP priority setting of 255. In HSRP multiple Routers can have a priority setting of 255.
f) The Router that “owns the IP address” for the group automatically gets a VRRP priority setting of 255. There is no option to configure Virtual IP address of HSRP group as physical address to any Router in HSRP group.
Difference Between HSRP and VRRP Priority for Preemption
Cisco-Router (config)#int fa0/1
Cisco-Router(config-if)#vrrp 1 pri
Cisco-Router(config-if)#vrrp 1 priority ?
<1-254> Priority level
Cisco-Router(config-if)#standby 1 pri
Cisco-Router(config-if)#standby 1 priority ?
<0-255> Priority value
Filed Under: HSRP/VRRP/GLBP
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